A TIMELINE OF INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONS IN RELATION TO SOUTH AFRICA

This is an excerpt from my book ‘Understanding the 4th Industrial Revolution & Innovation Easily.’ It is available on Amazon, in South African bookstores, and on my website.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution – also known as Industry 4.0 or 4IR – is the first Industrial Revolution that South Africa is experiencing as a free and democratic country.

It does not mean, however, that other economical revolutions did not happen in South Africa, and the rest of Africa, in the past; but I will get to this later.

Please note:-

Because the collective areas of land that now form South Africa were colonised in stages, starting in the Cape by the Dutch and later taken over by the British, I will call it, ‘Project Colonise South Africa.’ Industrial Revolution dates are estimates – i.e. the beginning, duration and end of any given industrial revolution is marked by when its sequel is named and recognised – and they serve to identify eras of significant revolutionary innovations in the world. Note that, although different researchers have different dates, they do not vary significantly.

A comparative timeline of the Industrial Revolutions and colonised/apartheid South Africa (extended industrial revolution definition part 1)

* The ‘c.’ before the year means approximately.

First Industrial Revolution (Steam power)

  • The First Industrial Revolution began c.1765 – 113 years after the Dutch colonisers arrived in the Cape in 1652. Project Colonise South Africa started when ships, owned by the Dutch East India Company[i], under the command of Jan van Riebeeck[ii]reached Table Bay in the Cape on the 6th of April 1652.
  • In 1795, 30 years into the First Industrial Revolution, Dutch control of the Cape colony ended when the British Empire occupied the area for the first time. The Dutch were again awarded governance of the Cape for a short period between 1803 and 1806 under the Peace of Amiens. In 1806 the British returned to take occupation of the Cape, after losing their colonies in the Americas during the Napoleonic Wars, and retained control until South Africa was granted independence in 1961.

The Second Industrial Revolution (Electrical power)

  • The duration of the Second Industrial Revolution was from c.1870 to c.1968.
  • Apartheid against native (black) South Africans was formally introduced in 1948 by the National Party when the country became self-governing; although it remained within the confines of the British Commonwealth until 1961.
  • Although apartheid was ‘formally’ introduced, and became policy, in 1948, it does not mean that the colonials did not practice apartheid; each institution is equally guilty of crimes against humanity; it just signifies a change of ownership.
  • Later, still within the timeline of the Second Industrial Revolution, Apartheid South Africa became a sovereign state; in 1961 Britain gave them sovereignty and South Africa became a republic.

Third Industrial Revolution (Digital)

  • The Third Industrial Revolution, also known as the Digital Revolution, started 8 years into sovereign Apartheid South Africa in c.1969.

Democratic South Africa and the Fourth Industrial Revolution

It is unclear as to exactly when in the 2000’s we can pinpoint the start of the Fourth Industrial Revolution but ‘we are in it’, as I’d jokingly say.

From what I can tell, the first articles about the Fourth Industrial Revolution began to appear on Google in about 2016; but I speak under correction on this.

What can be said for certain is that many people have been tracking the mammoth innovations in the 2000s and realise that an Industrial Revolution is definitely coming – i.e. a Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Nevertheless, as you continue to read I will expand on what a revolution is, within my context, and it should become clearer as to why we have graduated to a new Industrial Revolution.

The 4th Industrial Revolution is indeed happening in times of a Democratic South Africa – making it the first of the four Industrial Revolutions to happen post-colonial, and apartheid, South Africa.

[i] Dutch East India Company https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company  (29 April 2021)

[ii] Jan van Riebeeck https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_van_Riebeeck (29 April 2021)

5 Reasons Elon Musk Should Leave America And Come Back Home To South Africa

Here are 5 reasons why it is time for Elon Musk Should Leave America and come back home to South Africa. So, this piece of content is just created or Elon Musk Should Leave America and come back home to South Africa.

Elon Musk Should Leave America and come back home to South Africa

Also note this is a satiric article. Hashtag #Satire #ElonMuskComeBackHomeToSouthAfrica #CampaigntoBringElonMuskBackHometoSouthAfrica

Hey dude, yes you Elon (Musk), you need come back home to South Africa.

1.     Smoking weed is now legal across the country –  and not just in a few states/provinces like in America

Read more

Sappi incubatees pick Township Biz Fastrack as their book of choice in their syllabus

Some time ago, we got an email from SAPPI ordering copies of my second book TOWNSHIP BIZ FASTRACK for their incubatees in their community training centres.

This is how the story gets interesting – and touching for me (not to say the other stories from our clients are any less). At first Sappi bought 10 copies of the book on Amazon to give to its incubatees and to see if it helps in teaching them entrepreneurship. Read more

STARTUP PICNIC returns, 7th April 2018 – the coolest entrepreneurship gathering in South Africa

I am happy to announce that Startup Picnic is back. The people consistently demanded it, and here we are.

It’s on the 7th of April 2018 at the CSIR Sports & Recreation Club in Pretoria.

Use discount code/coupon #tiisetsomaloma and get 20% off on the already discounted Early Bird Tickets of R100. Purchase your tickets at Quicket.co.za. This code runs until 10 March 2018 or until this coupon’s tickets run out.

Startup Picnic hosts a range of entrepreneurs, business-people, media, accelerators/incubators and various stakeholders in the South African business community.

Come relax, blow-off-steam and have fun with other entrepreneurs over braai, drinks and garden games. Read more

Tiisetso Maloma interview on The Creative Life Podcast hosted by the UK’s James Taylor

I was guest on The Creative Life Podcast hosted by the UK’s James Taylor. We talked about the startup scene in South Africa, entrepreneurship and creativity amongst several other helpful tips.

Do download and listen to the podcast here https://www.jamestaylor.me/tiisetso-maloma/

James Taylor (M.B.A. F.R.S.A.) is an international conference speaker, author, coach and consultant on creativity and innovation who believes in the power of good ideas.

1000 Ways the Post Office Doesn’t Want You Use Them

One older comedian asked a young comic, “Are you married?” The younger comic replied “no!” Astonished, the older comedian said, “then what do you for aggravation!”

While married people in the world have one another for their daily dosage of aggravation, in South Africa everyone gets it from the government and State Owned Enterprises.

We have an oversupply.

Our government makes sure our daily dosage is well catered: inaccurate to insane water and electricity bills, Nkandla, state capture, etc. Good service delivery on the part of our government!

Even the president gets his daily dosage of aggravation. Read more